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自考“英语(一)”笔记 六十五

英语学习网 2023-03-04 12:22:57 685

自考“英语(一)”笔记 六十五

18.rightful adj. 合法的;正义的;合理的

1)He regained1 his rightful place on the English throne.(他恢复了应归于他的英国王位。)
2)The rightful heir should obtain his rightful inheritance.(合法的继承人应获得其合法的继承权。)
3)It is the right approach to the command of grammar.(这是把握语法的正确途径。)
4)I believe what he said is right.(我信任他说的是对的。)
1. Now it is hard to visualize2 a map that does not feature north at the top, but this was not always so.
本句中it做方式主语(formal subject),to visualize a map……。是真实的主语(real subject)。用it 做方式主语, 首要是因为主语较长,谓语较短,所以不定式常放在谓语的后面。例如:

1)It is necessary to tell him the news as soon as possible.(尽快把这消息告诉他是很必要的。)

2)It took us 30 minutes to get there by bus.(坐公共汽车到那儿花了咱们30分钟时间。)
3)It made us very angry to see him talk to the old man in such an impolite manner.(看到他以如此不礼貌的方式与那位白叟谈话,咱们十分愤慨。)
4)How much did it cost you to send the parcel express?(速递这个包裹花了你多少钱?)
1)It is not easy to master a foreign language.
2)It is our honor to be present at this dinner party.
3)It was a mistake for us not to help them.
4)It is unwise of them to turn sown the suggestion.
Visualize是一个动词,意思是 imagine (想像)。在词汇部分咱们讲到过-ize是动词后缀。常用在形容词后面构成动词,如:localize(部分化,地方化), urbanize (城市化),nationalize (使国有化), finalize(最后定下来)visualize 这个动词,咱们在第四单元中现已学过,请把下面两个语句译成英语,留意运用 visualize:
1)I cannot visualize what is waiting for me.
2)He has been visualizing3 the wedding ceremony to be held at the church for the whole day.
……this was not always so中的 so 是个代词,意思是“如此,这样”,如:
1)――I think you made the wrong decision.
――Is that so? (是这样吗?)
2)It is not necessary to find out why it is so.(去了解为什么如此是没有必要的。)
3)I believe so.(我信任是这样。)
2. The oldest known map in the accepted sense of the word was drawn4 about 3,800BC,and represents the river Euphrates flowing through northern Mesopotamia,Irag.

1)This is the most dangerous substance known to man.(这是人类已知的最风险的物质。)

2)It has become a well known holiday resort.(这儿已成为著名的度假胜地。)
in the…sense of the word 意思是“就这个词的…含义上而言”,如:
1)It is a miracle in the true sense of the word.(这是真实的奇迹。)
2)That is an adventure in every sense of the word.(那才叫冒险。)
1)He has a great sense of humor.(他很有幽默感。)
2)There is some common sense in what he says.(他所说的话有些道理。)
3)What‘s the sense of doing that since it is already late?(已然现已晚了,做那件事还有什么含义呢?)
4)She came to her senses after a blood transfusion5. (输血之后,他苏醒过来。)
5)In a sense what he said is true.(在某种含义上说,他说的话是正确的。)
6)Her explanation doesn‘t make any sense.(她的解说讲不通。)
7)I cannot make sense of what has written.(她写的东西我弄不明白。)
3. This and others that followed it, were little more than rough sketches6 of localized features; it was not until many centuries later that the ancient Greeks placed the science of map-making on a sound-footing.
本句中的前一个it是代指上句中的the oldest known map. Little more than 的意思是 almost no more than(只不过是)。请留意下列语句中的little的意思:
1)He is little better than a bookworm. (他简直跟书呆子差不多。)
2)That is little short of open scorn.(那简直就是公然轻视。)
It was not until…that…。是一个常见的着重句型,意思是“直到…才”。如:
1)It was not until the cat emerged from behind the bushes that I noticed it.(直到猫从灌木后面出来,我才留意到它。)
2)It was not until he called me that I realized there was a meeting in the afternoon.(直到他给我打电话我才想起下午有个会。)
3)It was not until several weeks later that the stolen car was found.(几个星期今后那辆失窃的汽车才被找到。)
1)It was not until the 1960S that man realized the dream of landing on the moon.
2)It was not until yesterday that he was told the truth.
3)It was not until mother came to the kinder-garter to collect him that the boy stopped crying.
place sth. on a sound footing 意思是“把…置于坚实的基础上”。
4. The last great scientist of the classical period,he was the first to draw a map that was based on all available knowledge,rather than guess or imagination.
The last great scientist of the classical period, 在本句中做同位语,对主语he作进一步的补充说明。
Be based on 意思是“以……为基础”。
Rather than在本句中的意思相当于instead of “而不是”。
1)I have used some simple words rather than the difficult ones.(我用了一些简单词汇而不是难词。)
2)He bought two books rather than one.(他买了两本书而不是一本。)

3)Rather than go back on his word, he kept his promise.(他没有食言,而是言而有信。)
5. Given the state of knowledge of those times, he got things wrong, ……
1)Given the poor working condition, you cannot expect the workers to be very efficient.(考虑到工作条件差,你不能指望工人们的效率很高。
2)Given the bad weather, we have to change our plan.(根据气候不好,咱们得改变计划。)
1)The times are different,women are now equal to man.(年代不同了,现在男女平等了。)
2)In modern times,the development of science and technology is accelerating.(近代科学技术在加快开展。)
3)In the difficult times,many people died of hunger.(在那限难时世,许多人因饥饿而死。)
6. …since Ptolemy had calculated wrongly the size of the Atlantic and was unaware7 that the pacific ocean existed.
1)Since so many people are absent,we‘d better put off the meeting.(已然如此多的人缺席,咱们最好将此会延期。)
2)I won‘t blame you since you know nothing about it.(已然你对此一窍不通,我就不会怪你。)
Unaware与aware一样是形容词,其用法也与aware相同,be unaware of…,be unaware that…。
1)I was unaware of his presence.(我没留意到他在场。)
2)He was unaware that he had been followed.(他不知道他被跟踪了。)