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自考“英语(一)”笔记 六十四

英语学习网 2023-03-04 12:10:57 940

自考“英语(一)”笔记 六十四

Text A    Why Are Maps Drawn1 with North at the Top?
1.feature n. 特征,特征;相貌,相貌 vi. 是…的特征,以…为特征 vi. 重要作用;作为首要人物
1)The most important feature of our work is parental2 involvement.(咱们作业的最重要特征是父母参加。)
2)The island‘s chief feature is its beauty.(这个岛的首要特征是风景秀丽。)
3)He is very familiar with the geographical3 features of this district. (他对这一区域的地理特征很熟悉。)
4)The boy was slightly taller than his father, with fine features.(那个男孩比他父亲稍高,长得眉清目秀。)
5)Round-the-clock service features this store.(日夜服务是这家商铺的特征。)
6)The new type of car features high speed, small size and low cost.(这种新型汽车以高速、小型和低费用为特征。)

7)Sea food features largely in the diet of these people.(海产在这些人的食物中占重要地位。)
8)He is featuring in a new movie.(他正在一部新片中担任主角。)
2.rough adj. 粗糙的;粗犷的;大致的
roughly adv. 粗糙地;大体上,大约
1)They journeyed for days over rough roads. (他们在崎岖的道路上旅行了数日。)
2)His rough manners annoyed everybody.(他粗鲁无礼的情绪恼了每一个人。)
3)They lived a rough life in the mountain village.(他们在山村里过着简陋的生活。)
4)They had a rough crossing of the English Channel.(他们在狂风大浪中跳过英吉利海峡。)
5)We should help them out of the rough situation.(咱们应该协助他们走出困境。)
6)The young man closed the door roughly.(那个年轻人粗犷地把门关上了。)
7)Roughly speaking, this year‘s profit increased by 15 percent.(粗略地说,本年的赢利增加了15%.)
3.sketch4 n. 草图;梗概;素描   v. 绘(…的)略图;简述
1)He drew a rough sketch showing the position of the entrance.(他粗略地画了张草图,说明入口处的方位。)
2)They only gave us a sketch of the whole event.(他们只向咱们简略地介绍了整个工作。)

3)The first part is a brief sketch of the school‘s early history.(榜首部分是该校前期历史的概述。)

4)He sketched5 a boy‘s head on the sketchpad.(他在速写簿上画出了男孩头像素描。)
5)Mr. Smith sketched excuses to his guest and left the room hurriedly.(史密斯先生向客人草草致歉然后匆忙脱离房间。)
4.Localize v. 使部分化;使具地方性;会集
1)It is unlikely to localize this disease.(把这种疾病控制在部分区域是不行能的。)
2)They failed to localize the effect of the disturbance6.(他们没能使动乱的影响部分化。)
3)Anger localized on the new policy.(民愤会集在这项新方针上。)
5.footing n. 安身处;安定的地位,根底
1)It is difficult to get a footing on the steep roof.(要在那很陡的屋顶上找到立脚处很困难。)
2)He lost his footing and fell into the ditch.(他一失足摔进了沟里。)
3)The water was so deep that she couldn‘t gain her footing.(河水太深,她立不住足。)
4)They are on a friendly footing with their neighbors.(他们同邻居们和睦相处。)
5)In today‘s China, women and men are on equal footing.(在今天的我国,男女平等。)
6.Forefront n. 最前哨,最首要的方位
1)The company was brought to the forefront of public attention.(那家公司成为大众留意的要点。)
2)He brought the country to the forefront of world politics.(他把那个国家面向了世界政治的最前沿。)
7.Attempt v. 妄图、企图    n. 妄图、企图
1)I didn‘t attempt the last question in the exam.(我没有企图去做试卷的最终一题。)
2)He attempted to keep his parents in the dark about what had happened.(他企图使父母对所发生的事一无所知。)
3)George had succeeded on his fourth attempt.(乔治要游过湖有困难,但他在第四次尝试时终获成功。)

4)He made no attempt to solve the problem.(他没有企图解决问题。)
8.Flatten7 v. 把……弄平;变平
1)He flattened8 the paper cups.(他把纸杯压平了。)
2)The hurricane flattened the forest.(飓风夷平了森林。)
3)Her questions completely flattened me.(他的问题把我彻底击垮了。)
9.reference n. 提及;参阅;证明书(或人),推荐信(或人)
1)There is on further reference to him in her diary.(她在日记中没有进一步提到他。)
2)Keep this dictionary on your desk for easy reference.(把这本词典放在你书桌上,以备随时查阅。)
3)My professor gave me a good reference.(我的教授给我写了一封德才兼优的推荐信。)
10.calculate v. 核算;估计;以为;想要
calculation n. 核算;估计
1)I calculated that we would arrive at 6.(我估计咱们六点钟到。)
2)The number of votes will be calculated in the late afternoon.(选票将在傍晚时计数。)
3)You have to calculate the advantages and disadvantages before making a decision.(在作出决定前你得估计工作的利害。)
4)She calculates to go next month.(她想下个月去。)
5)He made an error in his calculation.(他在核算中出了过失。)
6)By his calculation, we will be there in an hour.(据他估计,咱们一小时后到那儿。)
11.unaware9 adj. 未认识到的,不知道的
1)She seemed unaware of what was happening around her.(她好像没有认识到周围正在发生的全部。)
2)I was unaware that I had hurt him.(我没有认识到我伤害了他。)
3)He was unaware of the serious consequence.(他没有认识到结果的严重性。)
12.orientate=orient v. 使习惯;给……定向
orientation10 n. 定向;方位;熟悉;情况介绍
1)You should produce things orientated11 to people‘s needs.(你应该出产习惯人们需求的东西。)
2)He oriented himself by finding a familiar landscape.(他找了一处熟悉的风光来确认自己所处的方位。)
3)The discussion helped me orient myself to the new language.(讨论协助我习惯新的语言。)
4)It took him a long time to orient himself.(他花了很长时刻熟悉环境。)
5)The winding12 trail caused them to lose their orientation.(弯弯曲曲的小径使他们迷失方向。)

6)College freshmen13 receive two days of orientation.(大学重生用两天时刻听取学校情况介绍。)
oriented adj. 以……为目的的;注重……的
export-oriented industries(外向型工业)
an education-oriented family(一个注重教育的家庭)
test-oriented teaching and learning(以应试为目的的教育)
13.Immovable adj. 不行移动的;坚定不移的
1)Father was immovable in his opinions.(父亲的意志坚定不移。)
2)He didn‘t expect that he would face an immovable audience.(他没料到他将面对一群不动情的观众。)
3)What are you going to do with this immovable pillar?(这根移动不了的柱子你打算怎样处理?)
14.arrangement n. 组织;安置;规整
arrange v. 组织;安置
1)Have you made all the arrangements for the conference?(你为会议做好一切组织了吗?)
2)He wants to make sure that everything is in neat arrangement.(他想确保全部都整规整齐。)
3)She didn‘t want to after the arrangement of furniture in the room.(她不想改变房间里家俱的方位。)
4)I will make arrangements for a car to meet you at the airport.(我将组织一辆汽车去机场接你。)
5)The librarian is arranging the books on the shelf.(图书管理员正在收拾架子上的图书。)
6)Don‘t worry, I will arrange the dinner for you.(别急,我为你们组织晚餐。)
7)They have arranged for us to visit the Confucius Temple tomorrow.(他们已组织咱们明日游夫子庙。)
8)I have arranged for the goods to be delivered to your door.(我已为你组织好送货上门。)
15.Interfere14 v. 干涉;阻碍,搅扰
1)We have no rights to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.(咱们无权干涉他国内政。)
2)Don‘t interfere in other people’s business.(不要干涉别人的工作。)
3)Misty weather interfered15 with the contact.(雾天阻碍了联络。)
4)He has done nothing that directly interfered with the actions of the others.(他没做任何直接阻碍别人行动的事。)
16.accordance n. 共同;契合
1)Education is carried out in accordance with the government‘s policy.(教育在依据政府的方针实施。)
2)In accordance with your request I am sending her the letter express.(依据你的要求,我准备给她发特快信。)
3)I am in accordance with him in this matter.(在这件事上,我同他是共同的。)
17.reliance n. 信赖;依靠
rely v. 依靠;相信
1)She placed complete reliance on her husband‘s judgment16.(她彻底相信她丈夫的判别。)
2)Self-reliance is necessary if you want to achieve anything.(如果你想有所成果,自力更生是很必要的。)
3)He is a man to be relied on.(他是一个能够信赖的人。)
4)You can always rely on him, he won‘t fail you.(你能够永远信任他,他不会让你绝望的。)
5)We can rely on our children to do such work.(这样的作业咱们能够放心地让孩子们去做。)