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自考“英语(一)”笔记 五十

英语学习网 2023-03-09 10:54:07 1213

自考“英语(一)”笔记 五十

12、professional adj. 工作的,专业的    n. 自由工作者,专业人员
1)We need to have some professional advice. (咱们需要工作性的辅导。)
2)He is a professional basketball player. (他是工作篮球运动员。)
3)The band consists of a professional and three amateurs1. (这支乐队由一名工作乐师和三名业余人员组成。)
4)He is a professional at his job. (他是一个通晓本职工作的人。)
profession 名词,意思是“工作”。如:
1)He decided2 on teaching3 as his profession. (他决议从事教学工作。)
2)He is a carpenter by profession. (他以木匠为业。)
What‘s your father’s profession? (你父亲是从事什么工作的?)
13、ignorance4 n. 无知,愚蠢;不知
1)Some animals have been wiped out through ignorance. (有些动物因为人们的无知而灭绝了。)
2)It might be better to keep her in ignorance of what has happened. (不让她知道发生了什么事或许更好。)
1)She was ignorant5 about these people. (她对这些人全然不了解。)
2)His parents were kept ignorant of the fact that he failed in the exam.
3)How can you believe such an ignorant person?
14、opposite adj. 对面的;相反的      n. 对立面
1)He lives in the house opposite to ours. (他住在咱们对面的那所房子里。)
2)She burst into the room through the opposite door. (她从对面的那扇门冲进房间。)

3)The result was opposite to what we had expected. (成果和咱们所希望的相反。)

4)You are active, she is the opposite. (你很生动,她正相反。)
5)Our view is the opposite of yours. (咱们的意见与你们的相反。)
6)He sat opposite to her. (他坐在她对面。)
7)There was an explosion6 opposite. (对面发生了爆炸。)
15、effective adj. 有作用的,有成效的
1)We have to take effective measures to control pollution. (咱们得采纳有用措施控制污染。)
2)I hope the medicine can be effective. (我希望这药有用。)
1. Yet few Americans really enjoy visiting with these eager, helpful men and women.
在前一单元中,咱们已讲到过few 一般否定,意思是“很少的,几乎没有的”,本句中的few 同样表示否定意味。
动词enjoy 的后面跟名词或者动名词,不能跟动词不定式,如:
1)He enjoys classical music. (他喜爱古典音乐。)
2)She enjoys going to concerts. (她喜爱赴音乐会。)
3)Painting is something that Mary really enjoys doing. (画画是玛丽真实喜爱做的事。)
visit with 是美国用法,意思是“访问;在…处做客、停留”,如:
1)She will come and visit with you for a few weeks. (她会来你这儿做客住上几个星期的。)
2)He hasn‘t visited with his uncle since 1990. (他从1990年至今没有拜访过他叔叔。)
eager 是一个形容词,一般用于词组 be eager to do sth.
1)They are eager to get the information. (他们急迫地想得到那信息。)
2)The little boy was eager to tell his parents that he won the first prize.
2.We are on guard when they visit our homes.
guard 这个词既可做名词用,也可做动词用。做名词用时,意思是“看守;护卫;警惕;”做动词用时,意思是“捍卫,保护;看守。”
1)He works7 as a door guard for that company. (他在那家公司做门警。)

2)They will give him an armed guard. (他们会给他装备一队武装卫士。)

3)I was immediately on guard when father mentioned that incident. (父亲提起那件事,我就马上防范起来。)
4)Police were sent to guard his house. (警察被派去护卫他的房子。)
5)She had been locked in her room and guarded day and night. (她被锁在房间里日夜看守着。)
6)The old man told his son to guard against conceit8. (那位白叟嘱咐他的儿子谨防骄傲。)
3.Three reasons why we are unwilling9 to discuss insurance can be suggested.
本句的主要成份是:Three reasons can be suggested. Why引导的是一个定语从句,润饰reasons.如:
1)The reason why she refused my help is unknown. (没人知道她回绝我的帮助的原因。)
2)The room where Mary used to live has been painted blue. (玛丽从前住过的那个房间已被漆成了蓝色。)
3)The day when John came was cold. (约翰来的那天很冷。)
4. In effect, they pay as much for the insurance as they do for the car itself.
in effect 意思是“实质上;实际上”,如:
1)They have in effect been severely10 punished. (他们实际上已受到严厉赏罚。)
2)In effect, she has no choice. (实际上她没有选择。)
3)What in effect I‘m saying is that he couldn’t keep his promise. (我实质上要说的是,他不可能信守许诺。)
1)He paid 100 yuan for that used bicycle. (他出100元买那辆旧自行车。)
2)He spent 100 yuan on that used bike.
5. Insurance also reminds us that we live in an unsafe world.
remind sb. of sth.
1)I remind him of his promise. (我提示他许下的许诺。)
2)Her smile reminds me of her mother.(她的浅笑使我想起了她的母亲。)
remind sb. about sth.
1)Don‘t forget to remind him about the meeting. (别忘记提示他开会的事。)
2)He called to remind me about the return ticket. (他打来电话提示我回程票的事。)
remind sb. to do sth.
1)Remind me to turn off the computer. (提示我关电脑。)
2)Mother reminded him to air the quilt when it is fine. (母亲提示他天气好时晒晒被子。)
remind + 从句
1)I was reminded how his attitude had changed. (我留意到他的情绪改变了。)
2)Remind his that he has to go to the parents‘ meeting. (提示他去参与家长会。)